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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • Title: it must clearly contain a novelty, including state of the art, methods, research site, and concise with a maximum of 25 words.
  • Abstract: it must contain information about the contextual background, methods, findings, implications or solutions and conclusion with a minimum of 150 words and a maximum of 200 words.
  • Keywords: they constitute substantial concepts in the article with a maximum of 5 keywords.
  • Introduction: it explains the research context and states the proper objectives or it must contain clear and unambiguous research problem statement. In this section, authors should cite a minimum of 5 recent articles that are relevant to the research in the last 5 years from Scopus indexed journals. It should contain a minimum of 500 words and a maximum of 800 words.
  • Methods: it must clearly state a specific qualitative research method. In principle, this section elaborates where are the research data acquired from, how are they acquired, how are they tested, what means of analysis are used, and how are they presented. In this section, authors should cite a minimum of 2 recent articles or books on methodology that are relevant to the research in the last 10 years. A maximum of 300 words is allowed.
  • Literature Review: it should explain about concepts or theories associated with the research topic or substantial concepts in the research. Authors should present various perspectives from relevant experts and scholars objectively then express their own particular academic position. In this section, authors should cite a minimum of 10 recent articles relevant to the research in the last 5 years from Scopus indexed journals. It should contain a minimum of 800 words and a maximum of 1,000 words.
  • Results and Discussion: it should be presented in simple, concise, coherent, and clear language. This section should not only report research findings, but it should also analyze and present them. In the process, validity of the presented data should have been tested by using various data validation methods. In this section, authors should present what their research finding(s) are, their relevance to research results produced by other scholars, and what academic stance is taken by the author(s). This section must be presented using clear sentences with argumentative and logical sequence. Authors may present conceptual categorization of the findings into subchapters in this section. It should be supported by a minimum of 15 recent and proper references, particularly new and relevant articles published in the last 5 years from Scopus indexed journals. It should contain a minimum of 2,000 words and a maximum of 3,000 words.
  • Conclusion: this section constitutes the conclusion of the research. Essentially, the first paragraph should address the problem statement, the second paragraph should contain solution(s) or implication(s) of the research finding(s), the third paragraph should expound the research contribution to the development of knowledge. It should contain a minimum of 200 words and a maximum of 500 words.
  • Language: the manuscript must be written in good English. We suggest authors to use a professional proofreader.
  • Literature: the manuscript should have a minimum of 32 literary references. The references are expected to contain 50% to 80% of recent papers published within the last 5 to 10 years.
  • Tables and Figures: we expect you to avoid using tables and figures as much as possible. However, if you do need to present tables and figures, they should initially be referred to in the text. Avoid putting tables and figures before initially mentioning them in the text. Authors must also explain what readers should pay attention to when presenting their tables or figures. Focus only on essential points that readers should take from them and let them read the details for themselves.
  • Direct Quotations: It should be known that your manuscript should not include direct quotations, with the exception of holy texts and interview results. If a direct quotation is included, a maximum of 100 words for each quotation is allowed. Fewer quotation is preferrable.

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